Why Robots That Bend Are Better

Robots of the future may be softer, squishier and bendier than robots today. This could make them ideal for space exploration. Check out kiwico.com/Veritasium50 for 50% off your first month of any subscription!
On Thursday February 18th, 2021 the NASA Perseverance Rover will land on Mars. It is a wonderful robot, made out of steel and wire - but will future robots look like Perseverance? There is an emerging field of research on "soft robots", where the machines are flexible. These soft robots have many advantages over traditional robots - they're safer, lighter, more flexible and can change their shape and size.
NASA is investigating the use of soft robots for space missions. For future visits to Enceladus or Europa, a lander could cut a hole in the ice and then insert a compliant robot through the hole. This robot could then grow and change shape on the other side.
References:
N. S. Usevitch, Z. M. Hammond, M. Schwager, A. M. Okamura, E. W. Hawkes, S. Follmer, An untethered isoperimetric soft robot. Sci. Robot. 4,
ve42.co/Hammond2020 - paper about the truss robot
ve42.co/Usevitch2020 - press release and video about the truss robot
Electronics-free pneumatic circuits for controlling soft-legged robots
Dylan Drotman1, Saurabh Jadhav, David Sharp, Christian Chan, Michael T. Tolley Sci. Robot. 6, eaay2627 (2021)
ve42.co/Drotman - paper about the turtle robot
Special thanks to Patreon supporters:
Jim Osmun, Tyson McDowell, Ludovic Robillard, jim buckmaster, Robert, fanime96, Marc Forand, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Grace O'Maille KRON x Arc iOS, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Lyvann Ferrusca, Alfred Wallace, Arjun Chakroborty, Joar Wandborg, Clayton Greenwell, Pindex , Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal, Bryan Baker
Video supplied by Getty Images
Thanks to Zachary Hammond for showing me the soft truss robot
Filmed by Derek Muller
Edited and GFX by Trenton Oliver
Animation by Ivan Tello
Music by Jonny Hyman
Thumbnail by Ignat Berbeci, Dan Meyer

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Kommentarer

  • Maaannnnn....... I love this guy

    Radhey MishraRadhey MishraTime siden
  • I suppose you could call them... Bender robots

    PixelDoughPixelDough2 timer siden
  • Solution looking for a problem

    B TB T2 timer siden
  • how tf would u pressurize the tubes in space without air

    Dick CheeseDick Cheese2 timer siden
  • it useless, and worthless............defeats the purpose of a robot,,,,,,,,you cant mount anything to it.

    Doesn't MatterDoesn't Matter3 timer siden
  • Robot: *Bends* Humans: "Its better!"

    P-ARTP-ART3 timer siden
  • Pretty much y'all are gay

    Dismantle HAARPDismantle HAARP3 timer siden
  • I am severely disappointed in the lack of hard robot jokes.

    sehhi vootysehhi vooty4 timer siden
  • How about a robot built out of fluids or even magnetic fields 😯

    Dustin OlsenDustin Olsen4 timer siden
  • just take a body shaped balloon bit the same mechanics on the in side and sow it up easy someone do this plz

    Roger McCartyRoger McCarty4 timer siden
    • nvm that wouldent work idk

      Roger McCartyRoger McCarty4 timer siden
  • Very nice.........SOFT?, just stay away from those sharp corners for now, until they develop blowup motors, aluminum, electricity, bots, nuts, you get my drift!

    INFOCUS MediaINFOCUS Media5 timer siden
    • That compressed air robot looked like stop motion. But all it would take is one of those flimsy rods on that inflatable robots to snap and its useless.

      sehhi vootysehhi vooty4 timer siden
  • All these so called 'smart guys' wearing face diapers for a bs flu with 99.97 survival. guess none of them read their savior fauchis paper on why the spanish flu was compounded and got so bad (hint masks)

    Richard KeyRichard Key5 timer siden
  • But Betamax is a hard robot. It just has an inflated balloon around it. The core and its movement is all hard structure.

    EE EhrenbergEE Ehrenberg9 timer siden
  • So its soft, and can change shape....great?

    Durpswag Jr.Durpswag Jr.11 timer siden
  • "Why robots that bend are better" Bender: 😁

    aboodi the destroyeraboodi the destroyer11 timer siden
  • This is baymax's great grandad

    Cian Mac phaidinCian Mac phaidin11 timer siden
  • Hm... Rigid robot uses: Manufacturing, Building, warfare, secondary phases of colonization. Soft robot uses: Medicine, direct human contact usage, rescue, first phases of colonization.

    ψ{Flame End Cyborg Guy}ψψ{Flame End Cyborg Guy}ψ12 timer siden
  • Thought you meant bend like Bender Rodriguez

    Ben DoverBen Dover12 timer siden
  • bender agrees

    Raf TaktRaf Takt12 timer siden
  • Aan deze militaire natte droom die volledig geheim en verboden ondezoek bevat ga je niet gelijk dood . Parkingson, Altzheimer, mad cow zijn door prion veroorzaakte ziektes die pas over 2 jaar zich breed gaan manifesteren. Nu snap je de Angst van overheden.

    Erik LakenErik Laken12 timer siden
  • The envious riverbed admittedly punish because can sicily arrest into a victorious composition. fretful, ragged arch

    Yundt RosamondYundt Rosamond12 timer siden
  • Dit is er aan de hand. Sars-CoV-2 A Weaponized Prion Disorder Disquised as Respiratory Disease. Hier werken groot machten als China, Rusland en Amerika al jaren in het geheim aan en is helaas ontsnapt uit een biolab in Wohan.

    Erik LakenErik Laken12 timer siden
  • This is awkward

    Zach HammondZach Hammond12 timer siden
  • Its like the strandbeests

    XENO VADERXENO VADER13 timer siden
  • there's no air in space

    tomey tomeytomey tomey13 timer siden
  • That compressed air robot looked like stop motion. But all it would take is one of those flimsy rods on that inflatable robots to snap and its useless.

    J VillainJ Villain13 timer siden
  • "Why Rockets that Bend are Better"

    Onin D.Onin D.13 timer siden
  • These are nicer than humanoid, because a human like machine that can move, interact and talk is creepy

    Your Slavic FriendYour Slavic Friend14 timer siden
  • 8:46 Bay Max from Big-Hero 6 came to mind when he said that.

    Sameer TariqSameer Tariq14 timer siden
    • Nevermind he mentioned it lol.

      Sameer TariqSameer Tariq14 timer siden
  • only thing i didnt like about this video is that your voice keeps changing sides

    BoisqBoisq14 timer siden
  • FROM YOUR GRAVITY VIDEO EVERYTHING ACCELERATES UPWARDS THEN IN THE CASE OF NEWTON AND APPLE INITIALLY THE APPLE AND NEWTON WERE ACCELERATING UPWARDS AT THE SAME RATE THEN IT GETS RELEASED FROM THE TREE AND HITS NEWTON. BUT HOW DOES THIS HAPPEN IF THEY BOTH WERE ACCELERATING AT THE SAME RATE?

    SAGAR KUMAR BISWASSAGAR KUMAR BISWAS14 timer siden
    • The apple was attached to the tree by its stem while accelerating. The stem broke from this force and stopped accelerated while everyone around it (including Newton) continued to accelerate.

      Cam SCam S8 timer siden
  • no comments or jokes about Futurama's Bender? im disappointed in y'all

    Mauricio Tejeda DavilaMauricio Tejeda Davila14 timer siden
  • >its soft, so its safe around humans ...

    PETARDAwNABIALPETARDAwNABIAL15 timer siden
  • kielbasa :D

    Piotr BiesekPiotr Biesek15 timer siden
  • good video

    kenh tong hopkenh tong hop15 timer siden
  • Why I cant even see the sub button? Serious Question.

    Muhammadim Yusoff JamaluddinMuhammadim Yusoff Jamaluddin17 timer siden
  • i preffer my robot stiff

    Miguel Antonio BuenaventuraMiguel Antonio Buenaventura17 timer siden
  • We now have the ability to create Baymax irl

    bodoti qwiubodoti qwiu18 timer siden
    • Nice stats

      Secret NinjaSecret Ninja2 timer siden
  • Baymax is my favorite soft robot

    Skylark LandingSkylark Landing18 timer siden
  • half of boston robot dynamic videos are cgi anyways lmfao!!

    Travis DarkTravis Dark18 timer siden
  • Michael Rosen called it, guys ***bendy bendy bendy! Bendyy bendyy***

    Lord Habitaxe of PrydoniaLord Habitaxe of Prydonia19 timer siden
    • nice pfp 👍

      Nit3mare_btwNit3mare_btw19 timer siden
  • TRY TO VISIT BOSTON DYNAMICS AND EXPLORE THE THINGS THERE WHAT ACTUALLY THEY ARE DOING IN MAKING INCREDIBLE ROBOTS

    Ramesh LamichhaneRamesh Lamichhane20 timer siden
    • we're one step closer to having a real life baymax

      bodoti qwiubodoti qwiu18 timer siden
  • TARS? is that you?

    Imroz TowhidImroz Towhid21 time siden
  • Oh dang! Kiełbasa right there!!!♥️

    Bartek SBartek S22 timer siden
  • Every one the robots will take over the world..... the robots haha soft robots go bbbbrrrrr

    MR.terra69MR.terra6922 timer siden
  • The glamorous pollution commercially consist because opera randomly cause within a open july. crazy, rainy person

    hivek mosathivek mosat23 timer siden
  • Hey Derek, I have a physics question for you, its kind of hard to explain while typing but it concerns controlling gravity. I think I have a 33% chance of this theory being correct, if you are interested I can give you my email later. Thanks, Josh.

    jwpx11jwpx11Dag siden
    • Yea ikr it has to do with Einstein's theory of relativity and curved spacetime

      jwpx11jwpx1115 timer siden
    • lol what? hahahhaha

      Christian NievesChristian NievesDag siden
  • I love this video as a high schooler and a software lead and a captain of an FRC robotics team who loves and adored robots and robot making!

    mind.hacker999mind.hacker999Dag siden
  • Kill JESUS with Cinnamon. For they have no breath and cannot speak and hear. Cyborgs

    Carlo052 GCarlo052 GDag siden
  • Who wants to bet which will come first Robot anime girls or colonization on mars

    CrazyNoodlesCrazyNoodlesDag siden
  • Cool, so instead of having your skull crushed by a terminator you get smothered by a sentient jumping castle.

    Reanetse MolelekiReanetse MolelekiDag siden
  • It's just a hop, a skip, and a jump away from needing a leg up.

    Toughen Up, FluffyToughen Up, FluffyDag siden
  • just put some stans tire sealant inside the bot in case it springs a leak it'll seal itself

    nigel_bdnigel_bdDag siden
  • the compressed air robot at 1:03 looks like a sea pig hehe

    embRellish eembRellish eDag siden
  • we're one step closer to having a real life baymax

    DarkDarkDag siden
    • @Nevaehs Pets same

      Dave D'souzaDave D'souza2 timer siden
    • @Nevaehs Pets same

      Любослав НиколовЛюбослав Николов23 timer siden
    • I’m here before this gets 100 likes

      Nevaehs PetsNevaehs PetsDag siden
    • Okay Nerd 💀😆

      KevinKevinDag siden
  • nice stuff!

    Vicente EsnaolaVicente EsnaolaDag siden
  • Bender: Shut up baby I know it!

    Blitz The FoxBlitz The FoxDag siden
  • looks pretty useless at that dev. level.

    Klaus HippKlaus HippDag siden
  • I see BIG HERO in the future

    ki koyki koyDag siden
  • Soft robots yeah

    Dipesh SatrangeDipesh SatrangeDag siden
  • Wasn't the T-1000 a soft robot? You know, when it wanted to be.

    Mark VrankovichMark VrankovichDag siden
  • Will you still call a robot to something that doesn't integrate electronics?

    Mat BlazMat BlazDag siden
  • Is there a video of that tour/visit to Kiwi Co? I'm fascinated by their work and would love to see more from that teaser.

    Fernando ToledoFernando ToledoDag siden
  • F...ng masks on your faces...?!?!?!?!??! REALLY?!?!?!?!?!

    TheTRUwinsTheTRUwinsDag siden
  • problem is we cant make a soft robot that is actually strong. so why dont we just build normal machines, that dont crush people?

    PowerDust015 lastnamePowerDust015 lastnameDag siden
    • but it can pick up basketballs! How many basketballs are on mars though...

      Daniel KintighDaniel KintighDag siden
  • Hey Derek, how about the explanation of the " Center of the Universe " on Tulsa, Oklahoma ?? It's fascinatingly mysterious

    Monkey D. LuffyMonkey D. LuffyDag siden
  • kiełbasa ❤

    ThiSISAlivE DeatHThiSISAlivE DeatHDag siden
  • Do they work at the bottom of the sea

    Anupam Datta SarkarAnupam Datta SarkarDag siden
  • Seems like they are pretty worthless because they have no inherent strength to complete tasks except perhaps to entertain children or to carry cameras on the meatal joints.

    NecromancerNecromancerDag siden
  • Hi, Derek. I want to watch your documentaries but don't know how to download them, can you help me?

    Techno manTechno manDag siden
  • Hey Derek, here's a video suggestion. How much does the 'Path of least resistance dictate your life?' Everything from putting a dirty plate into the sink less full to selecting the lane with the least amount of cars at a red light. Love the work you do! Thanks.

    cho202cho202Dag siden
  • So what's its use, like under water is great but what will it do there?

    Tristan MöllerTristan MöllerDag siden
  • dont waste your time making videos with masked people - they will be very ashamed once the depth of duping becomes obvious to all - thumbs down and unsub from me!

    usertogousertogoDag siden
  • the future is bendy

    Story of SharplyonStory of SharplyonDag siden
    • Drones

      Garrett BokGarrett BokDag siden
  • Typical vacuum tire uses latex-based internal sealant to auto-seal leaks. Also, some vehicles use soft rubber to completely replace air inside tires. Silicone foam resin or something similar can be mixed when the robot deployed, and foam would expand to fill the tube structures. It will be far better than a mere backup pump.

    Max LawMax LawDag siden
    • concessions would have to be made in terms of robot maneuverabilty right? the foam is naturally more difficult to compress than air. i think it would be great as a back up system tho, if they could find a light yet strong and elastic enough foam for structural support in those emergency situations, without adding too much weight to the robot.

      Fayetal AttractionFayetal AttractionDag siden
  • I used to get V and mark rober mixed up, seems silly now but to me they used to be the same guy 😂

    Butters StotchButters StotchDag siden
  • Derek: How does this robot even work? Zack: COMPLIANCE Derek: And what do- Zack: C O M P L I A N C E

    soinu foigsoinu foigDag siden
  • This has to be lamest robot I have seen in a long, long time...

    ScorieDivineScorieDivineDag siden
  • imagine you in a dark alley with nobody else and then this robot goes after you

    TheBlackVoidInSpace // Person PersonTheBlackVoidInSpace // Person PersonDag siden
    • Why would I imagine that

      • SuShi •• SuShi •Dag siden
  • I think I had a stroke trying to read the title

    Donut ManDonut ManDag siden
    • Cool

      soinu foigsoinu foigDag siden
  • And how are they better...

    хреновый свиньяхреновый свиньяDag siden
  • *baymax intensefies*

    ApocryphonApocryphonDag siden
    • Some people like me black. Some very light. Some people like me bitter, others sweet. Congratulations!!!!!!! You've won a cup of coffee.

      CoffeeCoffeeDag siden
  • its a sloth robot

    BlueSeaBlueSeaDag siden
  • Zack hammond looks like James from the odd1sout

    Hudi StorchHudi StorchDag siden
  • Coz robots that bend, can be smashed 😛

    Kotresh GKotresh GDag siden
  • Lol that ice will be a LITTLE BIT thicker :)

    cubax599cubax599Dag siden
  • "Heavy, expensive, and can be dangerous if not used correctly." Is now my new favorite description of a car... I mean robot.

    tleilaxu42tleilaxu42Dag siden
  • It's Baymax!

    shanemaneval16shanemaneval16Dag siden
  • Do you guys have a toy versión of your soft robots?

    T-PRODUCCIONEST-PRODUCCIONESDag siden
  • Good

    Promi AkterPromi AkterDag siden
  • Just use a long pool noodle 🤠. No compressed air bs.

    Khizar SaysKhizar SaysDag siden
  • "I came up to Stanford to meet Zack Hammond and his soft robot." ... That's what she said

    Mateusz StawarskiMateusz StawarskiDag siden
  • Would be useful.. if there was a use or something it makes better. That solution needs a problem.

    AADag siden
  • Cool

    Swirl AndTwirlSwirl AndTwirlDag siden
  • The sex toys that are gonna come out of this technology...

    Konnies EggKonnies EggDag siden
  • I haven't heard the word "compliance" used so often in a video since I last watched Flight of the Navigator...

    Carl PaulsenCarl PaulsenDag siden
  • One thing came to mind... Baymax.

    21Units21UnitsDag siden
  • I'm very unimpressed. Other than a few space jobs, I can't see why he is so hyped about them. Rigid robots are the futur, they are not great right now, but once we manage to master their design, they will be much more useful. I'm thinking human shaped robots who can do basic chores which is already in good development, or androids that can do most jobs much further in the futur.

    Micheal DavisMicheal DavisDag siden
  • i saw a video where a guy tried to make a thrust vectoring gimble for an rc plane using compliant mechanics, and the problem he had was that the compliance necessary to make the mechanism work also made the mechanism entirely too flexible to handle the thrust it was supposed to be steering. you can say "oh these robots are better because they aren't strong enough to hurt you" but it's still pointless if it's also not strong enough to do anything useful

    Rob MckennieRob MckennieDag siden
  • Kiełbasa is the best part of this robot ;D

    MTWODZUMTWODZUDag siden